Wisdom or sapience is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and insight.
There appears to be consensus that wisdom is associated with attributes such as compassion, experiential self-knowledge, non-attachment and virtues such as ethics and benevolence.
Wisdom has been defined in many different ways, a variety of measurement scales have been developed, and several subtypes of wisdom have been proposed. Out of these, phronesis and sophia are two key subtypes of wisdom. Phronesis refers to practical knowledge, or the seeking of knowledge to apply to the given circumstance such as an understanding of people, objects, events, situations, and the willingness as well as the ability to apply perception, judgement, and action in keeping with the understanding of what is the optimal course of action. Sophia on the other hand refers to âtranscendent wisdomâ or the âultimate nature of reality.â